The Red Fort

A list of the dead

As seen previously with the Delhi Nine, it was difficult to ascertain who died on the 11th of May, and in the days subsequent. It must be remembered that the survivors of the massacre were fleeing for their lives and were little concerned with keeping notes. It only became clear later, when people had the time to reflect on the events, that it became possible to come to some conclusion as to who had died.
Many Mutiny lists were assembled far after the facts and continued to remain inaccurate for a long time to come. Delhi is no exception. For the following lists, I have had to rely on multiple sources to come to some kind of a conclusion.
I refer to the following sources: “The Indian Empire” Vol II by R. Montgomery Martin Esq., which gives a description of the victims, names mentioned by Edward Vibart in his book “The Sepoy Mutiny as Seen by a Subaltern” besides various newspapers contemporary the time.
The following websites are also infinitely helpful:

Perished on the 11th of May

Mr. HUTCHISON, officiating magistrate and collector, after going to cantonments for assistance, rejoined Mr. FRASER, and is believed to have been killed at the Calcutta gate, on duty.
Mr. A. GALLOWAY, joint magistrate and deputy collector, perished at the Cutchery, on duty.
The Rev. A. HUBBARD, missionary. Mr. L. SANDYS, the head master of the Delhi mission school, and Mr. L. COCK, or KOEHE, were killed at the school or at the bank.
Mr. F. TAYLOR, principal of the Delhi College, and Mr. R. STEWART, the second master, are thought to have been in the magazine until the explosion, and then to have taken refuge with Moolvee Bakir Ali, who gave them up to the mutineers.
Mr. J. MCNALLY, second clerk in the commissioner’s office, was killed on his way thither.
Messrs. MONTREAUX and FLEMING, fifth and sixth clerks, perished, but the particulars of their death are not known.
Mr. BERESFORD, the manager of the Delhi Bank, would not quit his post, though warned by his servants; he was murdered there with his wife and three young children, and the money seized on by the mob. Mr. CHURCHER, the deputy-manager, likewise perished.
Mr. DALTON, inspector of post-offices, and Mr. C. BAYLEY, the deputy-postmaster, were cut down at their post.
Sergeant EDWARDS, of the ordnance department, perished at the magazine on duty; and Sergeant HOYLE is supposed to have been killed on his way thither.
Mr. T. CORBETT, of the medical department, was on a visit to Mr. MCNALLY; and he also perished on the 11th of May.
Mr. T. W. COLLINS fled to the Cutchery, and was killed there; his wife and three children were murdered in the college compound, but on what day is not known.
Mr. STAINES, the head-clerk of the treasury office, and two youths of the same name, were killed, the former at the Cutchery, and the latter at Deriagunge. Mr. E. STAINES, draftsman, railway department, also fell in Delhi.
Mrs. THOMPSON, the widow of a Baptist missionary, with her two daughters, and a Mrs. HUNT, were killed in the city
Mr. G. WHITE, head-clerk of the political agency office, was murdered in Delhi, but on what day is not known.
Sergeant DENNIS, of the canal department, with his wife, his son and Mrs. WHITE, were killed at his house on the canal banks.
Mr. J. RENNELL, pensioner, his wife, two daughters and his son-in-law, and Mr. G. SKINNER, were massacred in the city, but the date of the latter crime has not been ascertained.
Sergeant FOULAN, of the public works’ department, and Mr. THOMAS, agent of the Inland Transit Company, and an Italian showman and his wife, named GEORSETTI, engaged in exhibiting wax-work figures, were massacred neat the Hindun river.
Three persons, surnamed GEORGE – one a youth who had received pay from the King of Delhi for some service not known – were massacred in Delhi; as was also a Portuguese music-master, named PEREZ, and a Mr. O’BRIEN.
Father ZACHARIAS, a Roman Catholic priest, was murdered in the city.
Mrs. (Major) FOSTER, and her sister, Mrs. FULLER, endeavoured to escape, and got “into the city ditch” (probably near the Mainguard). Mrs. FOSTER was unable to proceed any further, and her sister would not leave her; they are supposed to have been found and murdered there.
Mrs. HICKIE (described as a half-servant, probably a half-caste), in attendance on Mrs. FOSTER, was killed in the city.
CHUMMUM LALL, the native assistant-surgeon, was one of the earliest victims of the outbreak.
Mr. PHILLIPS, a pensioner, was killed in Delhi, but on what day is not known.
A Mr. CLARKE, a pensioner, occupied a two-storey house in the Cashmere bazaar, with his wife and child, in conjunction with a Mr. and Mrs. MORLEY, and their three children, and was murdered on the 11th.
Here, the following can be added:

Killed at Lahore Gate

Commissioner Simon Fraser
Assistant Commissioner Captain Charles Robert George Douglas, Commanding the Palace Guard.
Reverend Midgely Jennings
Annie Margaret Jennings
Mary Jane Alicia Clifford
There are different accounts of Mr. Hutchinson’s death. Although it is generally believed he died in the Captain Douglas’ rooms, an alternate account comes from  Memorials of Old Haileybury College:

“On hearing of the arrival of the mutineers from Meerut on the morning of May 11, Hutchinson drove to the Commissioner’s house and after conferring with him left for the Delhi gate in order to have it closed. Some men of the 3rd Cavalry, with swords drawn, were hastening to the Palace. Hutchinson had no arms and when he saw them turned his buggy and tried to escape, but the Sowars surrounded it and cut at him. Wounded and bleeding he jumped from the buggy and ran into the house of Ram Ji Das, from which the mutineers dragged him and put him to death. “   

Perished on the 12th, 13th and 16th of May

Mr. T. JONES, of the collector’s office, and Mr. T. LEONARD, of the magistrate’s office, with his wife, and two youths of the same, held out in the house which they occupied together, near the Moree gate, until some time on the 12th, when they perished by the hands of the insurgents.
A much larger party defended themselves until the 13th, at Deriagunge, in a house belonging to the rajah of Bullubghur, but rented by a Mr. ALDWELL. Here, Mr. NOLAN, one of the conductors of the ordnance department, was killed on the 12th by a grapeshot.
On the 13th, a man named Azeezullah enticed the whole party from their retreat by saying that the king had sent him to fetch them safely to the palace. The Europeans, who were probably holding out in hopes of succour from Meerut, were deceived by the traitor, and were thus spared a longer period of sickening suspense, with despair as its climax. The official record states that Mr. G. ALDWELL, son of the gentleman who rented the house;

Mr. F. DAVIES, third clerk of the commissioner’s office;
Mr. T. DAVIES, head-clerk of the agency office, and Miss J. DAVIES;
Mr. J. B. HANLEY, another agency clerk, with his wife and four of his family;
Mr. MACKEY, a Baptist missionary;
Mrs. WILSON, and her son;
Mrs. NOLAN, and her six children;
Mr. SETTLE, conductor of ordnance;
Mrs. and Miss SETTLE;
Mrs. CROWE, and her two daughters;
Sergeants CONNOR, HOYLE and STEWART, of the ordnance department, with a child belonging to the last;
Mrs. BUCKLEY, and her three children;
Mrs. RILEY, and her son;
Mrs. IVES, and Mrs. FOULAN – were all slaughtered on the 13th, in a bullock-shed near the house.

16th of may

Mr. E. ROBERTS, head-master of the Delhi college, and his son, together with Mrs. S. S. STEWART, two Misses Stewart and their brother, are said to have been massacred “at the instigation of Zeenath Mahal.”
The two Misses BERESFORD;
Mrs. SHAW and her two children;
Mrs. EDWARDS, and her three children;
Mrs. MOLLOY, the wife of the band-master of the 54th Native infantry, and her two sons;
Mr. J. SMITH, head-clerk of the Delhi magazine;
Mrs. CORBETT, and her child;
the two Misses Hunt, and their young brother;
Mrs. and Miss SHEEHAN, government pensioners;
Miss C. STAINES, and Miss LOUISA RYLEY – are recorded as being murdered, without any particulars being given of the attendant circumstances.

from the recollection of mrs.aldwell

Mrs. Aldwell and her children survived the massacre and their subsequent imprisonment by the King’s guard (which will be described elsewhere), she was able to provide, from memory a list of those taken prisoner and then murdered in the Red Fort. It is unlikely they were killed on the King’s orders, however, there is no doubt members of his household were guilty of this particular massacre. Whether it was at the instigation of his favourite wife, Begum Zinath Mahal as stated above, I shall not speculate here, however, she was not innocent of conspiracy as later shown.

The victims are as follows:
Mrs. Scully and three children
Mrs. Glynn
Mrs Edwards and two children
Mrs. Molony and two children
Mrs. Sheehan and child
Mrs. Corbett and daughter
Mr. Staines
Mrs. Cochrane
Miss Staines
Miss M. Hunt
Miss E. Beresford
Miss L. Ryley
Master Richard Shaw
Miss Alice Shaw
Miss Ann Shaw
Mr. Roberts and son
Mrs. Crow
Mr. Smith

Unfortunately, she did not remember the names of another man and some further women and children but the number was around 50. They were all murdered on the 16th of May.
“On the morning of the 16th May , some of the king’s special servants attended by a small number of infantry sepoys came and called out to our party, that the Christians were to come out of the building and the five Mahomedans were to remain…” Here followed the same hollow oaths that would be repeated in Jhansi, Muslims and Hindus alike swearing on the most holiest of their faith that they would not kill anyone. The prisoners were told they were being shifted to better quarters.
“…a rope was thrown round to encircle the whole group.. and.. they were brought under the Pipul tree by the small reservoir in the courtyard and murdered by the king’s private servants. None of the sepoys took part in killing them..”

Peepul Tree in the Palace of Delhi
Chromolithograph by William Simpson, from ‘India: Ancient and Modern’
This scene is from 1867, 10 years after the murder of the prisoners.
Other civilians

These are some which have not received mention in the lists above, yet I feel their names should be nevertheless be included.

Postmaster Bayley and 6 children, missing
Wife of Inspector Dalton, missing
Vilayat Masih, convert to the Baptist Mission, murdered by sepoys. His wife and children remained in Delhi during to subsequent siege but were reduced to a state of abject poverty.
Son of Mr. Joseph Skinner, taken from the Skinner house and killed in front of the chief police station
Kazi Pannu and son, killed by infantry sepoys
Mr. Charles Todd, Telegraph Department<
The Christian Compositors of the Delhi Gazette
The toll keeper

Officers of the 54th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant-Colonel John Peter Ripley, aged 55. He was severely wounded at the Kashmir Gate, having first been cut down by one trooper of the 3rd L.C. from Meerut, then “cruelly hacked by several others and repeatedly bayonetted by men of his own regiment.” He was left for dead with no less than 17 wounds but still managed to crawl to the Main Guard, from whence he was brought to the Flag Staff Tower. When it was decided to flee Delhi and the general rout ensued, Ripley was still alive. He was placed in dhoolie and it is known to have set off for Karnal, but after that nothing is known of his fate. No trace was ever found of him and since he never reach Karnal, there is a possibility he was simply abandoned by his dhoolie bearers and died somewhere on the road. His body was never recovered.
Captain Cosby Burrowes, killed at Kashmir Gate, buried on the Ridge – his was one of the bodies that was brought by bullock cart to Flagstaff Tower. They remained unburied until June. His step-sister, Miss Wingfield would escape from Flagstaff Tower. Unbeknownst to her, as she asked if anyone knew where he was,his body was but a few feet away.
Lieutenant Charles John Butler. He was wounded in the head by a stone from a house top and subsequently received a musket ball to his face – yet despite his injuries he managed to escape Delhi, only to be murdered on the road to Meerut.
Lieutenant Ernest Andrew Edwards, killed at Kashmir Gate, buried on the Ridge.
Captain Rowland Mainwaring Smith, killed at Kashmir Gate, buried on the Ridge.
Lieutenant William Waterfield, He had requested to be transferred to the 54th in 1854, leaving his post with the 60th N.I. William was killed at Kashmir Gate while endeavouring to get his men to attack the 3rd L.C. He was 21 years old.
Ensign Alfred Mansell Angelo. He was the second son of Colonel Richard Angelo of the 34th N.I., who had earlier commanded the Palace Guard. 20 year old Angelo was murdered on the road between Delhi and Meerut, on the 13th or the 14th of May.
Asssistant-Surgeon Anthony Dopping of the Indian Medical Service, murdered on the 11th of May.
Captain Charles Gordon, 74th N.I., killed at Kashmir Gate.

Officers of the 74th Bengal Native Infantry

Lieutenant Hon. Hiley Robert Addington, – fourth son of the 2nd Viscount Sidmouth.
After arriving in India in 1848, Addington first served with the 48th N.I. and then was posted to the 74th. He escaped the massacre of the officers at the Main Guard and although officially it was given out that he was murdered in a Gujar village, his brother Charles Addington, who served during the Mutiny under Sir Colin Campbell, was given to believe Hiley had drowned while crossing the Jumna River.
Lieutenant Henry Firth Hyslop, managed to escape from Delhi on the 11th of May, but was killed in Gujar village near the Hindan and “cruelly put to death.” His father was Lieutenant-Colonel Archibald Geddes Hyslop, in the Madras Artillery.
Lieutenant Mathew Hugh Reveley. Murdered at the Kashmir Gate. He was the son of Algernon Reveley of the Bengal Civil Serve. Mathew had been born in France in 1830 and had joined the Bengal Army in 1847.
Lieutenant James Digby Smith, – son of Mr. John Dawson Smith, merchant. James had been born in Calcutta in 1830 and entered the Bengal Army in 1847. Posted to the 74th in 1848, he joined the regiment in Mhow. While stationed in Cawnpore, he officiated as Interpreter and Quarter-Master, duties which he also undertook for the 1st N.I. Although nominated for a post with the 4th Sikh Infantry, James preferred to stay with the 74th and proceeded with them to Delhi in 1857. He was murdered at the Kashmir Gate.

Staff: Sergeant Isaac Hoyle, murdered on the 11th of May.

delhi on the 16th of may

It is impossible to list the names of every merchant, shop keeper or servant who was killed as they have been assigned to namelessness by history. However, their suffering on those days was immense and their losses, though marginalised, should not be ignored. As a Delhi resident wrote,

“They plundered every rich house and shop in the city. They took every horse they found in the stables of the citizens. They killed a number of poor shopkeepers for asking the proper price for their things, they abused the respectable men of Delhi in their presence. The guard at Jumna bridge looted the passengers crossing it. On the the 11th May, the magazine was blown up, it did great damage to the adjacent houses, and killed about five hundred passengers walking in different streets…”

By nightfall on the 16th of May, every Christian in Delhi was either dead, fleeing or hiding. The city was in the hands of the mutineers and a deathly calm descended on the ravaged streets, now littered with discarded plunder, ruined bungalows smouldered, their dreadful contents too awful to contemplate, the dead lay unburied where they had fallen, at Flag Staff Tower the bullock cart would remain in place, the corpses covered by the remains of ladies dresses, dead eyes staring at a pitiless sky. Theo Metcalfe’s beautiful house with its priceless library and fine artefacts was ravaged and destroyed, its irreplaceable contents lost forever, while he hid himself in a cave. On the road between Delhi, Meerut and Kurnal, the fugitives were playing a vicious game of hide and seek with sepoys, villagers and marauding mobs of thugs, their lives not worth one day’s purchase. Mothers left their dead babies and their dying husbands in road side ditches and under the horrifying heat of May, more than one mind was lost.
Somewhere in this endless night something stirred. In the distance an army was awakening – and when it came, Delhi would suffer under the hands of retribution, more swift and terrible than anyone could imagine. But this was still in the future. Right now, on the 16th of May, Delhi rested in sleepless fear.

3 thoughts on “God Shall Wipe All Tears From Their Eyes II

  1. The writeup is presented superbly, although all the facts written here are based on a true events. Nonetheless the pictures match the frame superbly along with the script scenes. In short!! GREAT JOB DONE.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. It makes for grim reading. If people would read through the horror of 1857 they might be less quick to cheer for another war. But we are too quick to dismiss the past and thus we never learn how to create a better future. Hiding in fiction and behind the filters of our televisions disassociates us from the world at large. Ultimately we know so much and yet remain ignorant.

      Liked by 2 people

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