Fatehgarh Victims, M-W

“The bodies of some lie in the well beneath; of others the resting place is unknown; yet not one of them is forgotten before God. ”

Inscription on the Memorial Well, Fatehgarh

M.

  • Macdonald, Mr., and two children. All killed at Cawnpore on the 12th of June.
  • Macklin, Mr, Mrs., and eight children. Head Clerk in Collector’s Office. All killed at Cawnpore on the 12th of June. The mother of Mr. Macklin was murdered on the Parade Ground on the 23rd of July.
  • Maclean, Mr.and two Misses. Indigo planter. All killed at Cawnpore on the 12th of June.
  • MacMullin, Rev. Robert (b. 30th November, 1832 in Philadelphia) and Mrs. Sarah Colt, née Pierson born in Patterson, New Jersey). Missionary, Rakha. Both killed at Cawnpore on the 12th of June.
    The McMullins set sail from Boston to India on the 11th of September, 1856. They had only recently married, on the 10th of July – the journey appears to have given him some misgiving,s Mr. McMullin writes, “I find the ties which bound me to home are far, far stronger than I had ever imagined, and I sometimes almost shrink back from going out to the world, the flesh, and the devil…” Theirs was to be but a short sojourn in their new home.
    Arriving in India in January 1857, the McMullins finally arrived in Fatehgarh in March. Shortly after Reverend McMullin wrote a letter home, “We are trying to be calm and trustful but this cloud is fearfully dark. God bless you all, and if you are never permitted to see us again in this world, may we all meet in heaven where there is no more sin or death.”
    The McMullins, level-headed and realistically aware there was no escape, tried to give what comfort they could to others, especially to the Moncktons, who they had so recently befriended. Perhaps they died as they had lived, their eyes raised to God and knowing their own hearts.
  • Madden, Mr. J.R. Mrs.Elizabeth, née Shepherd., three children and two Misses Madden. Clothing Agency. All killed at Cawnpore on the 12th of June. They had previously lived in a yellow bungalow which is the site of the present church.
    It is interesting to note that many of the families in Fategharh were related to one another. It is a singular fact of the Mutiny – how many families, either partially or completely were destroyed. Cawnpore is another example of this. In Fatehgarh there was a group of seven families that had intermarried between 1830 and 1850. Of the permanent residents, like the Maddens, Collins’, Churchers and Jennings’, their losses were almost complete. Excerpt from “Fatehgarh Camp” –
    “W.H. DeGruyther, the Deputy Collector, married Mary Ann Bickers, whose sister Sarah, was afterwards united with Charles Cawood, Head Clerk of the Clothing Agency. DeGruyther’s two sisters both married local residents. Sophia Jane married E. Jennings, whose sister Janet, became the wife of J.R. Collins, the son of another Deputy Collector. The other sister married James Shepherd, the school master; and Mrs. Madden, the wife of J.R. Madden of the Clothing Agency, was Elizabeth Shepherd.”
    It is perhaps one of the most difficult parts of writing these biographies – firstly, that so many families were erased from existance in a space of a few weeks, and when one begins to untangle the web of relationships, the realisation how widespread the effects of these deaths actually were.
  • Maltby, Dr. Samuel, and Mrs. Anne née Lloyd (b. 1812). Civil Surgeon. Dr. Maltby was wounded at Singhirampur and killed at Cawnpore on the 10th of July. His wife was murdered in the Bibighar on the 15th of July.
    The Maltbys had married on the 11th of August, 1852. As Lieutenant Colonel Maltby, he retired from army service in November 1854 and took up his position as a civilian doctor in Fatehgarh. Born in 1820, Dr. Maltby was the son of Rev. John Ince Maltby of Shelton, Nothinghamshire. After his medical training at St. Thomas Hospital, London qualifying as an assistant surgeon, Dr. Maltby arrvied in Calcutta in 1843. Following service in various regiments, he was stationed in Agra with the 6th N.I. where me met and married his wife. His wife Ann, was the daughter of Brigadier George W. Aylmer Lloyd, who was responsible for obtaining the Darjeeling hills for the East India Company, by deed, from the King of Sikkim.
    Their memorial at home, in the country they never saw again, still remains.
Memorial to the Maltby’s at Shelton, Nottinghamshire, erected by the Rev. Maltby.
  • Monckton, Lieutenant John and Mrs. Rosa, and child. Bengal Engineers. Executive Engineer, Fatehgarh. They are listed as entering the boats and then murdered in Cawnpore on the 12th of June by Cosens and Wallace, however according to an alternate source (“Our Bones are Scattered”, Andrew Ward) John Monckton served in the defence of the Fort. This entry will be amended when needed, at a later date.
  • Munro, Captain (alternately,Major) Robert, 10th N.I. Killed by round shot near Bithur on the 9th of July. Major Munro had joined the service in 1827 and had not had seen any active service in his 30 years in India.

P.

  • Palmer, Mr. J.J., Mrs., and nine children. Deputy Magistrate and Treasury Office. All killed at Cawnpore on th 12th of June, except one child who died on the journey.
  • Phillimore, Captain, William Thornton 10th N.I. Wounded at the Fort and killed at Cawnpore on the 10th of July. He had sent his wife away before the mutiny began. He was the son of William Phillimore of Herts.,and was 36 years old at the time of his death. His name is carved on the Westminsters Scholars Memorial, located near Westminster Abbey in Broad Sanctuary, London. It is a memorial of those educated at Westminster School and contains the names of several men killed in the mutiny.
  • Phillott Captain Johnson, 10th N.I. Wounded at the Fort and killed at Cawnpore on the 10th of July. His wife had left Fatehgarh before the uprising.
  • Prashad, Dhaukhal, headmaster of the Mission School and catechist of the Reverend Freeman. Wife Rebecca and four children. All murdered at the Parade Ground on the 23rd of July.
  • Probyn, Elliot Markillof (b.1857) and Letitia Domina (b. 1856) Children of Collector William George Probyn, who died while in hiding with their parents. A tomb had existed at Khassaur, Bilgram Tehsil, Hardoi District, with the following inscription:

” Sacred to the memory of Elliot Markillof, born 25th March 1857, died 25 July 1857; and of Letitia Domia, born 7th February 1856, died 12th August 1857, the beloved children of William George Probyn Esq., C.S. Suffer little children to come unto me and forbid them not, for of such is the Kingdom of God.”

R.

  • Ray, the Misses R. and E. Killed at Cawnpore on the 12th of June.
  • Redman, Quarter-Sergeant, Mrs., and two children. Wr. Mr. Sergt of 10th N.I. All killed at Manpur.
  • Roach, Sergeant Garrett, Mrs. Bridget, and two children, Edward and Eliza. Sargeant Roach was murdered on the 10th of July and his family, on the 15th of July, in the Bibighar.
    Mrs. Roach was the sister of Ellen Walsh Probett, who, with her family, including 6 small children, were besieged in Cawnpore in Wheeler’s Entrenchment. Ellen survived the siege and Satichaura Ghat. Whata sorrowful meeting it must have been to be reunited with 19 year old Bridget at the Bibighar.
  • Roberston, Major Alexander (b.10th July, 1820 in Edinburgh, Scotland)., Mrs., and child. Bengal Artillery and officiating Gun-carriage Agent. Major Roberson died of wounds on the 17th of September from wounds sustained at Manpur where his family drowned. He was buried at Baramau, Tehsil Bilgram, Hardoi District. He was saved by Kale Khan and David Churcher – one of the survivors of Fatehgarh. Major Robertson was the third son of George Robertson, Esq., Deputy-Keeper of Records of Scotland.
  • Rohan, Conductor M., Mrs., and nine children. Carpenter, in the Gun Carriage Agency. Conductor Rohan was killed in Singhirampur and his family murdered on the 15th of July at the Bibghar.
  • Russell, Mr. W. Clerk. Murdered on the 23rd of July at the Parade Ground.

S.

  • Shepherd, Mrs., E., Miss Mary Shepherd and three children. All killed at Cawnpore on the 12th of June.
  • Shiels, Mr., Mrs., and two children. Schoolmaster. Killed at Cawnpore on the 12th of June.
  • Simpson, Lieutenant John Robert, 10th N.I. Killed at Manpur. Son of the late Colonel John Simpson HEICS.
  • Smith, Colonel George Acklom, Mrs., Mary née Piercy and one child. 10th N.I., and formerly of the 47th N.I. All killed at Cawnpore on the 15th of July.
  • Sturt, Miss. One of the survivors of the first boats, she did not remain with Mr. Probyn and returned to Fatehgahr with her mother. Miss Sturt went to the Fort while her mother did not. Miss Sturt was murdered at the Bibighar on the 15th of July. Her mother survived the events at Fatehgarh and her story will be told elsewhere.
  • Sutherland, Mr., Charles, Mrs., and three children. Merchant and agent in Fatehgarh since 1845. Mr. Sutherland and one child killed at Manpur. Mrs. Sutherland was wounded at Manpur where she was captured with two children. They were killed at the Parade Ground on the 23rd of July.
    Charles Sutherland is mentioned as being at the defence of the Fort in “Our Bones are Scattered.” His wife and 2 children, a girl and a boy, were taken back to Fatehgarh after the Manpur massacre. Amy Sutherland, aged 14, was found by a subadar, probably Ali Bux,during the capture of the first boats in June,having fallen into a hole and broken her ankle. He kept her safe and she was discovered in a doolie on the side on the road by Havelock’s troops on their march to Cawnpore. The doolie had been abandoned by the subadar’s servants, fleeing the onslaught of Havelock’s army. Amy’s story however, was never verified and although there is no doubt as to her identity, it appears her account of events was treated with some scepticisim. The Sutherlands had another child, a son, who was away in the hills during the mutiny and thus survived.
    There is a disparity in the numbers. If the above is true, then there were 4 Sutherland children, unless of course,since Amy had fallen in a hole and was not see amongst the dead or the survivors, it was probably presumed she had drowned. However, dealing with the prejudices of the time, it cannot be discounted it might have been seen as preferable that she had drowned, rather than abducted by a sepoy, which of course, would have reflected poorly on her, thus “dishonoured.” Death was considered a more favorable outcome than survival where one’s subsequent purity could be questioned.
    Mr. Sutherland’s head was one of those brought back to Fategarh by his killers, in hope of elicting a reward.
  • Swetenham, Lieutenant Charles Worsley, 10th N.I. Killed at Cawnpore on the 10th of July.
    Lieutenant Swetenham was the son of James Swetenham and Eliza Morrissey née Roberts. As a side note, I have included the history of the Swetenham’s in India, from their family site, https://www.qlinks.net/FamilyHistory/swetenham.html
    Charles Swetenham was born in Cawnpore in 1832, and was a child of the 10th N.I., the regiment in which his father was serving at the time as a captain. Within 2 months of joining the same regiment, Charles was fighting in the Fort against the very men he had spent his childhood with. Injured in the back at Manpur, he had been urged by Gavin Jones to join him in the village where he had found refuge, but Charles declined on account of his injury.

The Swetenhams of India

No fewer than seven of Roger’s sons and daughters set out for India in early years of the 19th century.

My great-great-grandfather Edmund was a cadet at Addiscombe, the Honourable East India Company’s Army academy, and joined the Bengal Engineers. After retiring from the Army, he built a house called Cloud End (named after a hill in Cheshire) at Mussoorie, a hill station above Dehra Dun, which was where he died. Mussoorie in the hot weather and Dehra Dun in the cold weather were home to numbers of Swetenhams for the next century. Cloud End belonged to the family until after 1947 and is now a hotel.

Of his brothers and sisters, William, also a cadet, died at sea en route to India, Henry became a Bengal Civil Servant and judge and retired to England, Harriette married in India and died aged 22 giving birth to a son and daughter, Charlotte married in India and died aged 23 in Cawnpore. Maria also married in India and also died in Cawnpore although she survived 16 years after her marriage. James was an officer in the 10th Native Infantry and died aged 39 in Mussoorie.

In the second generation, Henry’s son Henry Donnithorne died at the battle of Aliwal. There is a monument to him in Canterbury Cathedral. James’ son Charles Worsley was one of the officers of the 10th Native Infantry (his father’s regiment) which mutinied at Fategarh, and was killed in the boats trying to escape on the Ganges. My great-grandfather George, newly commissioned in the Royal Engineers, was wounded at the relief of Lucknow. William Raynor, whose daughter Adelaide married George’s brother Edmund, won the Victoria Cross when the Powder magazine at Delhi was blown up by its garrison to save it from the mutineers.

Another brother of George, Henry Harvey, died of fever caught in the trenches in the 2nd Afghan war.

T.

  • Thomson, Miss. Sister of Mrs. Robertson, with whom she had been living. Drowned at Manpur.
  • Thornhill, Mr. Robert Bensley, District Judge (son of John Thornhill and Henriette neé Beaufoy ), Mrs. Mary White née Siddons, and two children, Charles Cuthbert (aged 5) and Mary Catherine. (aged 2). An older son, Edward Augustus (b.1848 d. 1922) was not in Fatehgarh at the time.
    Mr. Thornhill was wounded accidently in the Fort while loading a musket, shattering his arm. All killed at Cawnpore on the 15th of July.
    The Thornhill family feature extensively in the mutiny. At the time, there were no fewer than 4 Thornhill brothers and 2 nephews in the same province in India, by the end of the Mutiny – three would be dead.
    The Thornhills were a part of both flotillas, having returned to Fatehgarh after splitting away from Mr. Brierly’s party. They survived the defence of the Fort and then joined the second flotilla, which ended in their deaths.
    Mrs. Thornhill was granddaughter of the famous tragic actress Mrs. Siddons and the daughter of George John Siddons, who had served in the Bengal Civil Service from 1808 to 1888 having been grante a writership in the Company’s service throught Prince Regent himself.
    Mark Thornhill, the brother of the unfortunate Robert, wrote “The Personal Experiences of a Magistrate during the Rise, Progress and Suppression of the Indian Mutiny”. He was magistrate of Muttara. Another brother, Cuthbert Bensley would later be magistrate of Allahabad. Mark and Cuthbert both ended up in the Agra Fort while another brother, the deputy collector of Sitapur, would be killed with his family in the other failed escape there.
  • Tucker, Colonel T. Tudor, Mrs., and four children. 8th Regiment of Cavalry and Clothing Agency. Colonel Tucker was killed in the Fort on the 28th of June. His family was murdred in the Bibighar on the 15th of July.
  • Turton, Mr. Edgar, Clerk. Killed on the Parade Ground on the 23rd of July.

V-W

  • Vibart, Captain Edmund Charles, (b. 1825, aged 32) 2nd Native Cavalry. Killed at Cawnpore on the 10th of July. (He is called Edward by Cosens and Wallace).
    Edmund, known as “Teddy” by his cousins, was the nephew of Major Edward Vibart who, with his family, was besieged in Wheeler’s Entrenchment. Edmund had stopped in Fatehgarh on his way from Cawnpore to Naini Tal, a stop which proved to be fatal. He was a young, energetic and apparently, optimisitic man, who distinguished himself through out the disasterous events at Fatehgarh. His cousin, Edward, son of Major Vibart, was serving with the 54th N.I. in Delhi. He survived the mutiny and recounted his experiences in “The Sepoy Mutiny as Seen by A Subaltern.
  • Willam, Mr. Indian Christian, killed at the Parade Ground on the 23rd of July.
  • Wrixon, Mr. W.M. and son. Musicians in the 10th N.I. Band. Mr. Wrixon Snr. was killed at Cawnpore on the 10th of July. His son was killed at Manpur on Major Robertson’s boat on the 4th of July.

“First of all was killed “the unknown young man” as he is pathetically called. No one knew his name, nor where he had come from and the monument over his remains is silent.”

“The Parade ground massacre”
Fatehgarh in the Mutiny
Cosens and Wallace
All Souls Memorial Church Well Memorial
picture credit: M.A.Khan